This seemingly short and simple paper had a tremendous influence in the fate of the world. It lead to the now famous Einstein-Szilard Letter which was sent to President Franklin D. Roosevelt in October of 1939. This letter resulted in the creation of the Manhattan Project that built the atomic bomb.
You can read the paper here: https://fermatslibrary.com/s/neutron-production-and-absorption-in-uranium
VERY, VERY INTERESTING!